Every solar panel contains photovoltaic (PV) cells. PV cells take light, or photons, and turn that light into solar electricity. When sunlight hits the solar panel, PV cells get to work by producing direct current (DC) electricity. (Pssst…want to geek-out at the science behind this? Check out NASA’s explanation.)
This is all great—but DC electricity can’t power your home on its own. That’s where the other pieces of solar energy equipment come into the picture. On to solar inverters!